The fate of Andhra Pradesh is literally in doldrums. It feels sad that every political party is indulging in their own theatrics rather than fighting for good of the state.
The problem with the promises made to the state during its bifurcation in 2014 was that not all were actually promised legally. There are 3 different kinds of promises that Central Govt made to AP State government.
Incorporated in Ap Reorg act and said “Will Do”.
Incorporated in AP Reorg act and said “ Might do”.
Promises made orally in Parliament but not incorporated in the act and BJP given promises during Election campaign of 2014.
As one can understand by now, 2 and 3 cannot be fought legally and no body can be held accountable.
Coming to 1, the act is still vaguely written which can be interpreted in different ways.Revenue deficit is something which state govt and Central govt have to decide. AP govt used this liberty and made the number huge. No detailed technical logic is included in the act.
Institutes of National importance like NIT, AIIMS, IIM , Petroleum University – They are started just for namesake. No proper funds. Act only mentions Central govt will support. Whatever the support, it can be technically a support.
Funds to Capital city – Central govt is giving some which is not sufficient.
The confusion arises from
Lack of proper detailing in AP Reorg act
Lack of understanding that all promises were actually not made .
Political game plan by both TDP and BJP to get stronghold in AP.
That is why, so many committees are required to actually assess what was promised and how much. A classic case of how public policy can be misused for political gains.
Pawan Kalyan has initiated a Joint Fact Finding Committee with esteemed people like Dr Jayaprakash Narayan and others to first assess the kind of promises made and what Central Govt owes to state.
The report is at https://twitter.com/Loksatta_Party/status/969959604162519046 and totals that around 74000 crores need to be disbursed by Centre to State Government.
Dr JP is now on second phase of more detailed analysis of the acts with more information available and would be coming up with a report in coming weeks.
Disclaimer : Iam a staunch believer in unity of Telugu people and the current Andhra Pradesh state is the best option beneficial for the current state. However, i personally dont want negation of majority parties decision to divide the state as its an even more dangerous phenomenon for our democracy than dividing a state . The below is my view, opinion and appeal to all the people concerned with this Telangana-Andhra issue.
Last month and long has been the rare momentum thats happening in Seemandhra region of current Andhra pradesh state , where Lakhs of people are on roads and protesting without a political masthead. Initially, started as a “Justice for Andhra” movement, turned to “Samaikyandhra” movement, thanks to the reckless foot-in-mouth syndrome of TRS chief and his comments regarding government employees in Hyderabad.
Telangana and Seemandhra are like conjoined twins who have one heart .i.e Hyderabad. To divide the twins, you need to create another heart and change the entire artery system of the body which doesnt have heart.And if this operation of separation has to be done, its next to miracle to have two healthy bodies after its done.
First, people of Telangana region should understand that creation of a new state is ‘neither a panacea , nor a pariah’ , it doesnt solve any problem except the political hunger of some politicians and satisfy the ego of some of maniacs who still revere in primordial loyalties, and there is a huge danger that can cause big unimaginable problems. The silver lining is that we are in a highly transparent democratic society and things can be sorted out through the royal way of showing a middle finger, i.e Vote. If you want to vote for TRS or Congress just because they are giving a new state, you seriously deserve to be separated.
Telangana movement accelerated only with the help of hate speeches and warmongering . If this continues, you are not creating a new state , but two warring states . Yes, different regions can divide like brothers, but first , lets decide how many brothers are we talking about. 2 ( Telangana, Seemandhra), 3( T,S Rayalaseema) or 4 ( T, S, R , Hyderabad) . Even a person who cuts the cake doesnt take the first piece and sits watching the fun who all fighting for rest of the cake.
If you want to know, why the new state is not completely beneficial for Telangana, you can check here.
Dear UnitedAndhra(Samaikyandhra) protestors, this is what we get when you vote for parties which were okay for separate state at the time of election or be silent when the parties were officially OK for a new state . There is very less use of calling for a united state now, but if it is its good. UPA and BJP have officially endorsed the new state.But the fight needs to be for the any of the new states to not to loose in anyway in this due process. Even if you look at all the official protests now, they are only saying that a justice needs to be done before dividing the state. And i totally concur with that view.We all know the credibility and history of the party which just started saying “Samaikhyandhra” .
To remind everyone, that there will be a big burden on central government exchequer to create two new states of Telangana and Seemandhra Pradesh.This is unprecedented in Indian History where a state which has state capital has to be renamed and is the new state. A new state machinery has to be setup in Seemandhra region and all the existing state machinery in Hyderabad has to be restructured, reorganised and renamed. I dont even have the clue if we require one lakh crores or five lakh crores for this exercise.All the funds allocation for this exercise should be finalised and promised beforehand so that the new states does not suffer in future.
There can be only be negotiations and understanding at this stage and people of Telangana should be concerned with what all happening in rest of the state.
For Way forward , these are some things needs to be considered and discussed so that everyone is in a win-win situation.The below points and resolution can be audacious but thats my view point.
Rayalaseema and North Andhra
Hyderabad- Education : Hyderabad is the educational hub of the state and even one of the best equipped in India , I know some friends who came from Himachal, Gujarat,Assam just to study here.Hyderabad has ISB, IIT,IIIT,NIPER,NALSAR law university,BITS, HCU,Osmania,JNTU, PottiSriramulu Telugu university,NIFT, Acharya NG Ranga agricultural university. NIRD, ICFAI,ASCI etc and not to mention the 250+ Engineering colleges in its vicinity.
Hyderabad – Research and manufacturing : Hyderabad is also the research and Manufacturing hub of India. DRDL,ASL,CCMB, NFC,NIN, IICT,BHEL, NMDC, ECIL, HAL,IDPL,HMT, Reddy Labs and 18 of top 20 pharma companies of AP.
Hyderabad – IT/ITES : Hyderabad is the Dravid of Indian IT if Bangalore is the Sachin and NCR is Kohli. The city is home to more than 1500 IT firms. The major multinational IT firms located in Hyderabad are Microsoft (the largest R&D campus outside the US), Google,Facebook, CA Technologies,Amazon, IBM, Motorola, Samsung, Agilent, Automatic Data Processing, Oracle Corporation, Yahoo!, Dell, Texas Instruments, Hewlett-Packard, Virtusa, OpenText, UHG,The major Indian firms with development centres in the city are Mahindra Satyam, Infosys, Four Soft, Wipro, Cognizant, Tata Consultancy Services, Polaris and others.
Hyderabad-Sports : Hyderabad has the potential to be the sports capital of India. Gopichand Academy is churning out the next Indian Badminton legends. We have extraordinary sports infrastructure on lines of Delhi and SAP is considered one of the good sports administration in India.Hyderabad has hosted a bunch of international sports events and proved its mettle.
And iam not sure how such institutions can be replicated or how can one snatch away all these from rest of the state . Every parent in rural Andhra Pradesh dreams of their children to move to Hyderabad to search for a job. Almost all these educational and research institutions can put a reservation of locals and thus depriving a grand chance to the new state of Seemandhra region. To avoid this,
No existing public institution in Telangana region should put up new local reservation restrictions and consider both the people of regions as ONE( exempting the governance bureaucracy) atleast for next 15-20 years.Likewise in Seemandhra region for all the new institutions that will come up.
Also, No UT for Hyderabad.DOT. Its just an immature idea and creating two new capitals is the most underserved option in this issue.
Also, how can one of the new state have its temporary capital 100 kms far away from its border.Does people who decided have a common sense of Geography 101.
Water : Some analysis of water issues can be found here .There will be water wars between the new states , of which the arid Rayalaseema region need much more of allocation. All the allocations have to be decided beforehand splitting the states and a special preference needs to be given to the arid region of Rayalaseema. Polvaram project needs to come up to save the Delta regions which is the rice granary of India and the additional allocation of 45 TMC we get for this project for this project can be allocated to Rayalaseema and Telangana. There is a fear in many that there might be water stoppage at Srisailam and Nagarjuna Sagar .So,
The current usage and allocations to projects has to continue with respect to Godavari and Krishna rivers and any other river which is flowing in both the regions of the state and an independent body should be constituted with constitutional privileges to overlook any issues in this aspect.
There might be scarcity with respect to electricity , for the state of Telangana if state is bifurcated. Seemandhra region has abundant gas reserves and uranium reserves which are yet to be exploited and can be used for power generation in future. The Singareni coal is loosing its efficiency and KTPS(Kothagudem) in Telangana region is using the imported coal or from Talchar mines for its electricity production. So,
Telangana region should be given preference allocation for all the new electricity generation plants that will come up in Seemandhra region. Telangana region also needs additional consumption as the irrigation is mainly by electric motors .
Trade Barrier :
Telangana region will not have a sea port and will be landlocked.This seriously effects the imports and exports for the region of Telangana region. Currently, agriculture produce in states are not allowed to be sold outside of the state . A farmer cannot sell his rice or mirchi in another state. Going by the statistics, Seemandhra region rice production outbeats Telangana region and the new trade barrier that will come up will only increase the costs of all the essential items in Telangana region that are produced in Seemandhra region.
Prices of Rice, tobacco,cotton,palmolive etc would be severly hit with this new trade barrier. Sameway, the existing manufacturing and pharma sector in Hyderabad would be severly hit with this new trade barrier and land locked situation. So,
There should not be any additional taxes and trade barriers with respect to import and exports for the current entire state region of Andhra Pradesh and all the coming up internal trade restrictions need to be reviewed so that both the new states are in a win-win situation.
Rayalaseema and North Andhra :
A separate Rayalseema board and North Andhra board needs to be setup to address any issues with respect to that region.There is a huge danger that if Rayalaseema people or North Coastal Andhra people feel discrimination after some 20-30 years.
Bureaucracy : The main fear /reason that AP NGOs are on roads since last 60+ days is that there have been grace injustices to people of new states formed with new capitals while they were retiring from state services. Their service in erstwhile states was not considered while dividing the states and there are still legal battles going on with respect to that . This needs to be take care first. All the existing personnel of state services in Hyderabad should be given preference to settle in their current cadre or the new state cadre . If they are opting for new state cadre , they should be given an uplift in their benefits .Also, the people of Telangana should not be left out in creation of new state machinery of Seemandhra region and loosing some great opportunities.We have around 100+ government departments which will need to be developed in the new state and an estimated 0.75 to 1 lakh new government employees are required for Seemandhra region governance. So,
All this needs to be done by a central government constituted tribunal which looks after till the complete bifurcation is completed.The current employees in Hyderabad should have a preference to stay where they are now.
Atleast 25% preference allocation needs to be given in all the government services for the people of Telangana region so that they can also opt for the enormous job opportunities that will prop up in creating a new state machinery of Seemandhra region.
And the biggest loss we are giving to the Telugus is that, the first rate politicians like Chandra Babu Naidu or Jayaprakash Narayan or anyone of that stature cannot become chief ministers of any state due to political restrictions and you just lost being governed by the best and have to live with the second rung of politicians.
End Disclaimer : This post is my personal opinion. If you want to counter,bring me facts and legal sources and i will correct it if applicable.